For 12,000 years Native Americans lived in the area now marked by Ocmulgee National Monument. From the early nomadic Ice Age hunters through the Creek Indians, this area of the country was well used for many years before European Settlers arrived in this area of the New World. The Native Americans lived in this area until their removal from their ancestral lands in the 1800’s to Oklahoma by the American government.
Throughout the years that Ocmulgee National Monument was inhabited by Native Americans life in this area changed greatly as tools and knowledge advanced. From nomadic hunters, to hunter-gatherers, to agricultural based living in small villages, and finally to a large town complete with large temple mounds and other civilized buildings. The Ocmulgee National Monument’s museum exhibits displays explaining about life in each of these eras from the way they lived to the way they worshiped. These cultural displays often utilize items found by archeologists on this site. The most impressive sight in Ocmulgee National Monument is the Great Temple Mound. Great Temple Mound is the largest mound (of the 10 remaining mounds) in Ocmulgee rising over 40 feet above the surrounding ground. Most of the mounds in Ocmulgee are funeral mounds, but one is a ceremonial mound. Clcik this link to view an article on similar mounds built in Moundsville, West Virginia. There is also a restored ceremonial lodge made of earth at Ocmulgee. Visitors to the site will be fascinated to learn about the different cultures of Indians that lived in this area over time and the items and buildings that they made.
Ocmulgee National Monument is located about 2 miles east of Macon, Georgia. Ocmulgee lies near the intersection of Interstate 16 and Interstate 75. Ocmulgee is also accessible by going south of Route 129 from Interstate 20. This location makes Ocmulgee an ideal side trip for those passing through the area on their way to Myrtle Beach or Florida on vacation. Ocmulgee would also make a good location for a day or weekend trip from Atlanta, Augusta, Savannah, Georgia, Jacksonville, FL, or many other cities in this region. Macon offers a variety of lodging accommodations for those wishing to spend the night in the area. While in the area visitors might also enjoy visiting Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Jarrell Plantation State Historic Site, and Old State Capitol Building in Milledgeville and many other interesting local sites.
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