Think of a society where righteousness is the core of human existence and everyone thinks of having duties only and no rights. A person does every activity as a duty without expecting anything in return. He does not expect any appreciation. His reward is his sense of fulfilment derived from discharge of his duty earnestly. Because he has no expectations he has no craving for anything. One may wonder how in such a society people can exist and prosper by discharging one’s duty alone. The answer is simple.
If everyone does his duty, the needs of others, which normally go under rights, are automatically fulfilled. Duty encompasses understanding needs of others. There is self-fulfilment. The individual is highly motivated to excel his performance. He gives out and does not ask for anything from anyone.
The duty to society or family without reward brings out the maximum contribution from him. There is no disappointment for anyone since he does not expect anything by way of right. There is maximum productivity. Rights emerge automatically from duty and not by raising demands or from protests and agitations. Conflicts are unthinkable in such a society. Human rights are automatically ensured. There is spontaneity in discharging one’s duty. The worker gives his best to the employer. The employer gives his best to the worker. Righteousness being the edifice on which duty is discharged fairness is built in and there is no scope for any conflict.
Professionals give their best to society. Organizations prosper. Since giving is practised liberally by every one it automatically brings rewards without seeking them. There is no trade unionism in such a society. Thus employer-employee conflict is absent. Perfect harmony is ensured. Duty based on righteousness gives no room for corruption. People are not greedy. They do not covet other’s wealth or possessions. The hand of the giver is always higher. It shows nobility of character.
The same attitude towards duty prevails all over. The teacher teaches his students out of duty. Similarly the student learns and respects his teacher as his duty.He aims at excellence. The contribution of all members in society makes the society prosperous.
The task of administration becomes easy. Discipline is built in and obedience to edicts is ensured because everyone considers his duty to obey. There are no complaints since duty takes care of all, and rights do not exist. There are no privileges. Conflict and clashes occur when privileges prevail. They create jealousy and inequity when wrongly bestowed.
War , if at all waged, is only for righteous causes. Even there is the basis of righteousness Rules of war are clearly laid down and honoured by both parties. There is no exploitation. There is respect for the environment. Even for cutting a tree permission of the tree is obtained symbolically. That ensures love of nature. Thus duty to the environment is discharged. Sustainability is ensured. The duty to the five elements of space, air, fire, water and earth by way of regular prayers and veneration shown promotes sustainability.
In such a society the Individual, family, society, country and the world benefit. The individual becomes a good citizen. He makes a good family. Good families make a good society. Good society makes a good country. Good countries make a good world where it is a joy to live. That is a great boon of the ancient philosophy.
(To be continued)